Italy Travel Vacation Hotel Tourist Attractions
Italy – A nation with rich history and magnificent cities
A top travel destination
Italy is a nation with incredible history and tradition, superb quality and great quantity of artistic treasures, more than 100,000 magnificent monuments and buildings. Ancient ruins, precious art, timeless city, beautiful countryside, Italian cuisine and warm hospitality, attract millions of tourists to come to this amazing country and top travel destination for a unforgettable vacation.
Located in Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia, Italy, including Sardinia and Sicily, has total land area about 294,140 square kilometers, almost twice the size of Georgia; slightly larger than Arizona of the United States.
Based on 2014 estimate, Italy has 61,680,122 population with majority Italian, including small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south.
Italian is the official language in this nation, but there are German-speaking minority in some parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region, small French-speaking minority in Valle d’Aosta region, and Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area.
Italy has a diversified industrial economy with approximately the same total and per capita output as France and the UK. This capitalistic economy remains divided into a developed industrial north, dominated by private companies, and a less developed agricultural south. The Italian economy is driven in large part by the manufacture of high-quality consumer goods produced by small and medium-sized enterprises.
Italy has modern and well developed telecommunication system. Based on 2009 estimate, Italy has about 29.235 million Internet users.
Architecture of Italy
Italy is known for its considerable architectural achievements, such as the construction of arches, domes and similar structures during ancient Rome. Several of the finest works in Western architecture, such as the Colosseum, the Milan Cathedral and Florence cathedral, the Leaning Tower of Pisa and the building designs of Venice are found in Italy.
Luciano Pavarotti – ‘O sole mio (YouTube Paolo Driussi channel)
Music of Italy
From folk music to classical, music has always played an important role in Italian culture. Instruments associated with classical music, including the piano and violin, were invented in Italy, and many of the prevailing classical music forms, such as the symphony, concerto, and sonata, can trace their roots back to innovations of 16th- and 17th-century Italian music. Italy is also widely known for being the birthplace of opera. [reference: Wikipedia]
The first piano was invented in Florence, Italy in 1700 by Bartolomeo Cristofori (1655 – 1732), a craftsman who repaired harpsichords for Italy’s royal court.
Italy’s most famous composers include the Renaissance composers Palestrina and Monteverdi, the Baroque composers Scarlatti, Corelli and Vivaldi, the Classical composers Paganini and Rossini, and the Romantic composers Verdi and Puccini. Modern Italian composers such as Berio and Nono proved significant in the development of experimental and electronic music.
Visual Art in Italy
The history of Italian visual art is part of Western painting history. Italian artists including Paolo Uccello, Fra Angelico, Masaccio, Piero della Francesca, Andrea Mantegna, Filippo Lippi, Giorgione, Tintoretto, Sandro Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Raphael, Giovanni Bellini, and Titian took painting to a higher level through the use of perspective, the study of human anatomy and proportion, and through their development of an unprecedented refinement in drawing and painting techniques. Michelangelo was an active sculptor from about 1500 to 1520, and his great masterpieces including his David, Pietà, Moses. [reference: Wikipedia]
Science and technology in Italy
Through the centuries, Italy has given birth to some of the most notable scientific minds, particularly in modern and the contemporary era. Prominent Italian Polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Leon Battista Alberti made important contributions to a variety of fields, including biology, architecture, engineering.
Galileo Galilei, a physicist, mathematician and astronomer, played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. His achievements include key improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and ultimately the triumph of Copernicanism over the Ptolemaic model. [reference: Wikipedia]
Sport in Italy
The most popular sport in Italy is football. Italy’s Squadra Azzurra has won four FIFA World Cups (1934, 1938, 1982, and 2006), currently ranking as the world’s second most successful national football team, just after Brazil. Italy’s club sides have won 27 major European trophies, making them the most successful nation in European football, and Italy’s top-flight club football league, Serie A, is ranked 4th best in Europe and is followed by fans around the world. [reference: Wikipedia]
Other popular team sports in Italy include volleyball, basketball and rugby.
Italian fashion is regarded as one most important in the world. Milan, Florence and Rome are Italy’s main fashion capitals. According to the 2009 Global Language Monitor, Milan was nominated the true fashion capital of the world, surpassing other major capitals, such as New York, Paris, London and Tokyo, while Rome came 4th.
Major Italian fashion labels, such as Gucci, Armani, Prada, Versace, Valentino, Dolce & Gabbana, Missoni, Fendi, Moschino, Max Mara, Trussardi, and Ferragamo are regarded as among the finest fashion houses in the world. In addition, the fashion magazine Vogue Italia is considered the most important and prestigious fashion magazine in the world. [reference: Wikipedia]
Italian cuisine is probably the most popular in the world. Cheese and wine are a major part of the Italian cuisine. Some of the most popular Italian foods are pizza, pasta, gelato and espresso.
Italy’s magnificent cities
Rome, the capital city of Italy, is one of the world-famous travel destinations. It is the home of many famous landmarks and attractions, including Saint Peter’s Square and Basilica, the Colosseum and Forum, Sistine Chapel, Spanish Steps, the Victor Emmanuel Monument, and the spectacular Trevi Fountain.
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Venice is a worldwide well-known canal-laced city. Its waterways and narrow streets, romantic atmosphere and supreme beauty, the famous Rialto Bridge, St. Marks’s Basilica, Doges Palace and the Bridge of Sighs make Venice a magnificent and unique city of the world.
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Milan is Italy’s financial and fashion capital. The gothic Duomo, the 19th century Galleria, and “La Scala” opera house are some highlights of Milan’s sightseeing attractions.
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Florence is one of the world top tourist destinations with renowned museums and magnificent buildings. The Galleria dell’Accademia with Michelangelo’s David, the Duomo Cathedral, the Church of Santa Croce, Piazza della Signoria are some of the highlights of this famous city.
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Pisa, about one hour west of Florence by train, is the home of the World famous Leaning Tower of Pisa.