Russia Travel Vacation Hotels Tourist Attractions

Peterhof Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Peterhof Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Russia flag

Russia – The World’s Largest Nation with a Rich History

Cathedral of Saint Basil the Blessed, Red Square, Moscow

Cathedral of Saint Basil the Blessed, Red Square, Moscow (by Christophe Meneboeuf, via Wikimedia Commons)

As the the world largest and major industrial nation with majestic history, rich culture and arts, world-class museums and theaters, ballet and performance arts, famous musicians and artists, and magnificent cities, Russia is one of the world major leisure vacation and business travel destinations.

Located in Northern Asia and Europe, bordering the Arctic Ocean, Russia, the 15 republics of the former Soviet Union, stretches from the Polish border to the Bering strait spanning many time zones and 6,000 miles. Their combined landmass nearly 16,995,800 square kilometers wraps halfway around the globe. About 1.8 times the size of the United States, the vast Russian Republic is the largest country in the world in terms of area.

Russia has about 142,470,272 (2014 estimate). Ethnic groups include Russian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9%. Russian is the official language.

Map of Russia

Map of Russia

A Major Industrial Nation

As one of the world major industrial nations, Russia has complete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, and handicrafts.

Russia has made progress toward building the telecommunications infrastructure necessary for a market economy; the estimated number of mobile subscribers jumped from fewer than 1 million in 1998 to more than 235 million in 2011; fixed line service has improved but a large demand remains. Based on 2009 estimate, Russia has 40.853 million Internet users.

Based on 2013 estimate, one US dollar is exchanged for about 31.82 Russian rubles (RUR).

Russian Space Technology

Yuri Gagarin - First man in space

Yuri Gagarin – First man in space

The Russian Federal Space Agency, commonly called Roscosmos and abbreviated as FKA and RKA, is the government agency responsible for the Russian space science program and general aerospace research. It was previously the Russian Aviation and Space Agency.

The headquarters of Roscosmos are located in Moscow, while the Main Mission Control space flight operations center is located in the nearby city of Korolev. The Cosmonauts Training Centre (GCTC) is in Star City. The Launch facilities used are Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan and Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northern Russia which is used primarily for unmanned, military flights.

In 2015 the Russian government announced it was merging Roscosmos with the United Rocket and Space Corporation, the re-nationalised Russian space industry to create the Roscosmos State Corporation.

The Russian Space Agency is one of the partners in the International Space Station (ISS) program; it contributed the core space modules Zarya and Zvezda, which were both launched by Proton rockets and later were joined by NASA’s Unity Module.

By convention, an astronaut employed by the Russian Federal Space Agency (or its former Soviet predecessor) is called a cosmonaut in English texts. The word is an anglicisation of the Russian word kosmonavt, one who works in space outside the Earth’s atmosphere, a space traveler, which derives from the Greek words kosmos, meaning “universe”, and nautes, meaning “sailor”.

The former Soviet Air Force pilot Yuri Gagarin was the first cosmonaut to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961.

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– Moscow – the Center of Politics, Economy and Culture

The capital of Russia since 1613

Kremlin, Moscow - the working residence of the President of Russia (by Julmin, via Wikimedia Commons)

Kremlin, Moscow – the working residence of the President of Russia (by Julmin, via Wikimedia Commons)

Moscow is the largest city in Russia, also is the capital of Russia since Romanov dynasty in 1613. Today Moscow is the center of politics, economy, culture and science of Russia and Eastern Europe.

Moscow is situated on the Moskva River in the Central Federal District of European Russia. It is most populated inland city in the world with a population of 12,111,194 people (2014 estimate).

Moscow is well known for its unique historic architecture, such as Saint Basil’s Cathedral with its brightly colored domes. It is also home to some of the Russia’s most distinguished cultural institutions, theaters, and film studios.

Moscow International Business Center (by Igor508, via Wikimedia Commons)

Moscow International Business Center (by Igor508, via Wikimedia Commons)

Every year, especially in spring and autumn when temperatures are moderate, millions of visitors come to Moscow to explore the majestic history of Russia.

One of the greenest capitals in the world

With over 40 percent of its territory covered by greenery, Moscow is one of the greenest capitals and major cities in the world, having the largest forest in an urban area within its borders.

Izmailovsky Park, Moscow

Izmailovsky Park, Moscow

There are 96 parks and 18 gardens in Moscow. There are also 450 square kilometres of green zones besides 100 square kilometres of forests. By comparison, there are average 27 square meters of parks per person in Moscow compared with 6 for Paris, 7.5 in London and 8.6 in New York.

Gorky Park (officially the Central Park of Culture and Rest named after Maxim Gorky), was founded in 1928. Neskuchny Garden is the oldest park in Moscow and a former imperial residence. Izmaylovsky Park, Sokolniki Park, Losiny Ostrov National Park, Tsytsin Main Botanical Garden of Academy of Sciences,the All-Russian Exhibition Center, Lilac Park are some of the other famous parks in Moscow.

Moscow – a top travel destination with many tourist attractions

Moscow is one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in the world. Some of the more famous tourist attractions include the UNESCO World Heritage Site, Moscow Kremlin and Red Square, which was built between the 14th and 17th centuries. The Church of the Ascension at Kolomenskoye, which dates from 1532, is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and another popular attraction. Other attractions include the Ostankino Tower, the tallest free standing structure in Europe; Mercury City Tower, the tallest skyscraper in Europe; the Moscow International Business Center and the Tretyakov Gallery.

The Moscow Zoo, a zoological garden in two sections linked by a bridge, with nearly a thousand species and more than 6,500 specimens. Each year, the zoo attracts more than 1.2 million visitors.

Moscow is the home of many prestigious Russian artists, scientists and sports figures because of the presence of many world-class museums, theaters, academic and political institutions.

Moscow luxury hotels

There are many famous hotels in Moscow offer visitors with excellent services. Long since known for its style, service and traditional Russian hospitality, Baltschug Kempinski Moscow Hotel is a century old deluxe hotel that provides business and leisure guests alike with the perfect base from which to explore the Capital. Unique downtown location on the banks of the Moskva River. Direct views to Red Square, the Kremlin and St. Basil’s Cathedral. Close to all business, shopping and cultural amenities of the Moscow City.

– Saint Petersburg – The City of Literature, Music and Ballet

Saint Petersburg in Russia’s history

View on Admiralty from Saint Isaac's Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, Russia  (1890—1900)

View on Admiralty from Saint Isaac’s Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, Russia (1890—1900)

Saint Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia after Moscow with 5 million inhabitants (2012 estimate). It is located in western Russia and on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea. Therefore, Saint Petersburg is an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea.

A large number of foreign consulates, international corporations, banks, and other businesses are located in Saint Petersburg.

View from Sowjetskaja Hotel to St. Nicholas Cathedral, Saint Petersburg, Russia (by Herbert Ortner, via Wikimedia Commons)

View from Sowjetskaja Hotel to St. Nicholas Cathedral, Saint Petersburg, Russia – Saint Isaac’s Cathedral and the towers of Saint Peter & Paul in the background (by Herbert Ortner, via Wikimedia Commons)

Saint Petersburg was built in 1703 by the passions of its founder, Czar Peter the Great. Between 1713–1728 and 1732–1918, Saint Petersburg was the imperial capital of Russia. In 1914 the name of the city was changed from Saint Petersburg to Petrograd, in 1924 to Leningrad, and in 1991, back to Saint Petersburg.

Economy of Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg is a major trade gateway, financial and industrial centre of Russia specialising in

Catherine Palace, Tsarskoe Selo, Saint Petersburg (by Florstein, via Wikimedia Commons)

Catherine Palace, Tsarskoe Selo, Saint Petersburg (by Florstein, via Wikimedia Commons)

oil and gas trade, shipbuilding yards, aerospace industry, radio and electronics, software and computers; machine building, heavy machinery and transport, including tanks and other military equipment, mining, instrument manufacture, ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment, publishing and printing, food and catering, wholesale and retail, textile and apparel industries, and many other businesses.

Saint Petersburg is the location of a significant brewery and distillery industry and is known as the “beer capital” of Russia, due to the supply and quality of local water, contributing over 30% of the domestic production of beer with its five large-scale breweries.

The birthplace of Russian literature, music and ballet

Swan Lake, Russian Ballet

Swan Lake, Russian Ballet

Saint Petersburg is also a major European cultural center. It has been called the Northern Venice due to its beautiful river, canals, bridges and architectures. This elegant city is not just famous by its rich history but also by its rich Russian culture. Saint Petersburg is the birthplace of Russian literature and the home city of great musicians and ballet dancers, including world well-known Pushkin, Tchaikovsky, and Ulanova.

Ballet performances occupy a special place in the cultural life of Saint Petersburg. The Petersburg School of Ballet is named as one of the best in the world.

Saint Petersburg tourist attractions

With historical and cultural heritage, Saint Petersburg is a travel destination with many tourist attractions.

Saint Petersburg has 221 museums, 2000 libraries, more than 80 theaters, 100 concert organizations, 45 galleries and exhibition halls, 62 cinemas and around 80 other cultural establishments. The Hermitage is one of the largest art museums in the world. Every year Saint Petersburg hosts around 100 festivals.

– Vladivostok

Vladivostok, Russia

Vladivostok, Russia

Vladivostok is located at the head of the Golden Horn Bay on the northern Pacific Ocean, and is a major city of Primorsky Krai, Russia. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city is about 592,034. Vladivostok is the home port of the Russian Pacific Fleet and the largest Russian port on the Pacific Ocean.

The Vladivostok is Russian major port in Asia-Pacific region and it is ice-free all year round. In 2002 it had a foreign trade turnover worth about US$275 million. Vladivostok, Russia has now been an important pillar and the confluence of Eastern and Western cultures in the Far East frontier. It also becomes the gateway of Russia to Southeast Asia and the Asia-Pacific region.

APEC 2012 Vladivostok Summit

APEC 2012 firework, Vladivostok, Russia

APEC 2012 firework, Vladivostok, Russia

Vladivostok is the host city of the 24th Summit of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum in 2012. In order to prepare for the event, the infrastructure of the city was renovated and improved. Two giant cable-stayed bridges were constructed in Vladivostok, namely the Zolotoy Rog Bridge over the Golden Horn Bay in the center of the city, and the Russky Bridge from the mainland to Russky Island, where the summit took place. The Russky Bridge is the longest cable-stayed bridge in the world up to 2015.

APEC delegates from around the Asia-Pacific Region attended this APEC summit in Vladivostok, Russia from September 8-9, 2012.

APEC Leaders issued a Declaration at the conclusion of the APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting in Vladivostok on September 9, 2012 (Sunday), revealing pathways to strengthen the Asia-Pacific region’s prosperity and leadership in the global economy. The Declaration outlines APEC Leaders’ view on addressing the challenges and downside risks within the global economic environment, including financial markets that remain fragile.

Vladivostok attractions

Vladivostok is home to five universities, i.e. Far Eastern Federal University, Maritime State University, Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, and Vladivostok State Medical University.

Maxim Gorky Academic Theater in Vladivostok was founded in 1931 and is used for drama, musical and children’s theater performances. This city is also home to the Vladivostok Pops Orchestra and has a theatre for opera and ballet.

The Arsenyev Primorye Museum, opened in 1890, is the main museum of the Primorsky Krai. This museum has three branches in Vladivostok with collection of the famous 15th-century Yongning Temple Steles from the lower Amur.

Vladivostok city has several parks and squares, including Pokrovskiy Park, Minnyy Gorodok, Detskiy Razvlekatelnyy Park, Park of Sergeya Lazo, Admiralskiy Skver, Skver im. Neveskogo, Nagornyy Park, Skver im. Sukhanova, Fantaziya Park, Skver Rybatskoy Slavy, and Skver im. A.I.Shchetininoy.

Vladivostok is also home to the football club, ice hockey club, and basketball club.

– Sochi

The 2014 Olympic Winter Games

Sochi 2014 Olympic Logo
Sochi, Russia was the host city of the 2014 Olympic Winter Games. It was the first time that the Russian Federation hosts the Winter Games; the former Soviet Union hosted the 1980 Summer Games in Moscow. Sochi has a population of 400,000 people and is situated in Krasnodar, which is the third largest region in Russia.